In general, the main cause of hypertension is not known with certainty, the so-called primary hypertension or essential hypertension. Essential hypertension is probably due to changes in the heart and blood vessels. Whereas if the cause is known, than it is called secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is usually caused by kidney disorders, use of drugs – certain drugs and hormonal conditions and lifestyles.
The cause of this hypertension can be controlled, and some that can not be controlled. Age and heredity factors are the 2 things that can not be controlled. The results showed that the gene can be derived for the problems associated with hypertension. Similarly, the age, the higher age can make the blood pressure experienced.
While other factors can be controlled such as, drugs – drugs, cigarettes, salt, obesity, stress, caffeine, alcohol, cholesterol, and also lack of class exercise. The corticosteroid medications, such as cortison, dexamethason can increase blood pressure, as well as drugs — hormonal drugs such as birth control pills. Other drugs that can increase blood pressure is anti-inflammatory drugs. Cigarettes can cause hypertension because of the nicotine content is very high. Smoking habits, other than hypertension, it can also increase the risk of heart attacks, diabetes and stroke. Caffeine which are contained in coffee and tea, and potentially increase the alcohol drink also can cause the high blood pressure, therefore, should not consume excessive drinks.
Salt as one of the flavoring dishes that can be found also cause hypertension, especially in diabetics. Often people who experience this disease is recommended for low-salt diet. Besides factors of obesity and lack of exercise also cause hypertension. These 2 factors are connected. Better to do regular exercise and light. Conversely, for patients with hypertension is recommended to not do heavy exercise.